Hydrogen Storage
              Materials: The Characterisation of Their Hydrogen Storage
              Properties by Darren P. Broom - Book Cover

2011 · VIII, 256 pp. · 20 illus., 3 in color ·
Green Energy and Technology · Hardcover
  • $ 129.00
  • € 99,95
  • £ 89.95
ISBN 978-0-85729-220-9
Hydrogen Storage Materials

The Characterisation of Their Hydrogen Storage Properties

Darren P. Broom

The problem of storing hydrogen safely and effectively is one of the major technological barriers currently preventing the widespread adoption of hydrogen as an energy carrier and the subsequent transition to a so-called hydrogen economy. Practical issues with the storage of hydrogen in both gas and liquid form appear to make reversible solid state hydrogen storage the most promising potential solution. Hydrogen Storage Materials addresses the characterisation of the hydrogen storage properties of the materials that are currently being considered for this purpose.

The background to the topic is introduced, along with the various types of materials that are currently under investigation, including nanostructured interstitial and complex hydrides, and porous materials, such as metal-organic frameworks and microporous organic polymers. The main features of Hydrogen Storage Materials include:
  • an overview of the different types of hydrogen storage materials and the properties that are of interest for their practical use;
  • descriptions of the gas sorption measurement methods used to determine these properties, and the complementary techniques that can be used to help corroborate hydrogen uptake data; and
  • extensive coverage of the practical considerations for accurate hydrogen sorption measurement that drive both instrument design and the development of experimental methodology.
Hydrogen Storage Materials provides an up-to-date overview of the topic for experienced researchers, while including enough introductory material to serve as a useful, practical introduction for newcomers to the field.

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The Chinese Edition is now available!

And the English Hardback edition reached #1 in Energy Conversion & Storage on Amazon.co.uk in mid-March 2014!




Table of Contents

Chapter 1 - Introduction

Chapter 2 - Potential Storage Materials

Chapter 3 - Hydrogen Sorption Properties of Materials

Chapter 4 - Gas Sorption Measurement Techniques

Chapter 5 - Complementary Characterisation Techniques

Chapter 6 - Experimental Considerations

Chapter 7 - Concluding Remarks



"When compared with fossil fuels, hydrogen comes out on top in every comparison, except one. Hydrogen is the lightest fuel, the most efficient fuel and the cleanest fuel. However, for a given amount of energy, its storage is heavier and takes more volume, as compared with fluid fossil fuels, i.e., petroleum and natural gas. Hence, extensive R&D activities around the world are taking place in order to improve the gravimetric and volumetric storage properties of hydrogen. In this respect, Hydrogen Storage Materials offer the best promise. The book Hydrogen Storage Materials: The Characterisation of Their Storage Properties by Darren P. Broom admirably presents the latest knowledge and research results on this important topic. Consequently, I strongly recommend this book to hydrogen energy scientists and engineers in general, and to those involved in the storage of hydrogen in particular."

T. Nejat Veziroglu, President of the International Association for Hydrogen Energy

"The book contains an impressive number of useful and topical references, and a descriptive introductory chapter outlining the search for a viable solid state store...[It] provides a good overview of these developments which sets the scene for the subsequent chapters which concentrate in commendable detail on the measurement techniques...In summary therefore, the search for a viable, lightweight solid state hydrogen storage material continues and to aid this task, this book provides a very valuable addition to a researcher's shelf."

Rex Harris, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 37, Issue 9 (2012) p. 7950-7951

Errors, Corrections and Comments

Additional Book Chapters

Gas Storage in Metal-Organic Frameworks

This chapter covers the storage of hydrogen, methane and carbon dioxide in metal-organic frameworks. It begins by considering the applications for hydrogen, methane (natural gas), and carbon dioxide storage. It then discusses materials requirements, before covering H2, CH4, and CO2 adsorption by different MOFs. Manometric and gravimetric gas sorption measurements are then described and experimental considerations for performing accurate measurements are discussed in some detail. The chapter concludes with a discussion of future research trends.

This is Chapter 9 in Gas Adsorption in Metal-Organic Frameworks: Fundamentals and Applications, a book edited by Grant Glover and Bin Mu. It was co-authored with Jacob Burress of Avon Protection Systems Inc.

Hydrogen Storage in Nanoporous Materials

This chapter covers hydrogen storage in nanoporous materials, which is one of the options currently being considered for automotive or mobile applications. It first introduces the principles behind hydrogen adsorption by these materials and the methods used to characterise their hydrogen storage properties. It then provides an overview of the different material types that are available – including porous carbons, zeolites, metal-organic frameworks and microporous organic polymers – and their most important hydrogen storage properties. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the use of nanoporous materials in practical hydrogen storage units, the most important considerations for this purpose, and a discussion of future trends in the area.

This is Chapter 15 in Advances in Hydrogen Production, Storage and Distribution, a book edited by Angelo Basile and Adolfo Iulianelli. The chapter was co-authored with David Book of the University of Birmingham, UK.

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New Articles

Concepts for Improving Hydrogen Storage in Nanoporous Materials

This article discusses approaches to increasing the gravimetric and volumetric hydrogen storage capacities of nanoporous materials, and maximizing the usable capacity of a material between the upper storage and delivery pressures. The use of machine learning to search for new Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) is also covered, together with some new material types that could prove useful in the future for hydrogen storage applications.

The article was published in the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy and is open access. It can therefore be downloaded from the IJHE website.

Pitfalls in the Characterisation of the Hydrogen Sorption Properties of Materials

This article, published in the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy in December 2017 and co-authored with Jim Webb of Griffith University in Brisbane, Australia, discusses the pitfalls that can be encountered when measuring hydrogen sorption by materials. It considers instrument design and calibration, sample size choice, sample and gas purity, isotherm measurement procedure and issues associated with data reduction, together with approaches to validating equipment and isotherm measurements.

Irreproducibility in Hydrogen Storage Material Research

Publication of questionable data continues to be a problem in research into new hydrogen storage materials, despite the well-documented cases that have appeared in the literature over the course of the last 20 years. This article, published in the RSC journal Energy & Environmental Science and co-authored with Michael Hirscher of the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems in Stuttgart, Germany, describes a number of cases of irreproducible results that have appeared in the literature since the late 1990s. Cases covered include carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibres, boron nitride (BN) nanotubes, conducting polymers, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and the use of hydrogen spillover to enhance the storage properties of various nanoporous materials; however, possible reasons behind the problems and ways of avoiding further problems in the future are also addressed.

The article is open access, and thus available to download on the Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) website or to read in html format.

Outlook and Challenges for Hydrogen Storage in Nanoporous Materials

Considerable progress has been made recently in the use of nanoporous materials for hydrogen storage. In this article, the current status of the field and future challenges are discussed, ranging from important open fundamental questions, such as the density and volume of the adsorbed phase and its relationship to overall storage capacity, to the development of new functional materials and complete storage system design. With regard to fundamentals, the use of neutron scattering to study adsorbed H2, suitable adsorption isotherm equations, and the accurate computational modelling and simulation of H2 adsorption are discussed. The new materials covered include flexible metal–organic frameworks, core–shell materials, and porous organic cage compounds. The article concludes with a discussion of the experimental investigation of real adsorptive hydrogen storage tanks, the improvement in the thermal conductivity of storage beds, and new storage system concepts and designs.

The article is open access, and thus available to download on the Springerlink website or to read in html format.

It is part of an Applied Physics A Topical Collection on Hydrogen-Based Energy Storage, compiled from contributions by participants in the International Energy Agency (IEA) Hydrogen Implementing Agreement (HIA) Task 32.

A Tribute to Professor Keith Ross

I've written a short tribute to Keith, my PhD supervisor at the University of Salford, which is included in the Preface of the MH2016 conference proceedings in the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy.

The above links to a longer version. I would very much welcome any feedback or corrections.

Other Downloads

Assessing the Performance of Potential Hydrogen Storage Materials

(English manuscript of an article published in Russian in World Alternative Energy magazine, August 2012, p. 18-25)

About the Author

Darren Broom - author of Hydrogen Storage
                      Materials: The Characterisation of Their Storage
                      Properties Darren Broom is currently a Product Manager for Hiden Isochema Ltd, a manufacturer of analytical gas and vapour sorption instrumentation. He holds a PhD from the University of Salford's Institute for Materials Research and, on completing his doctorate, went on to work for the European Commission's Institute for Energy where he assisted in the development of their hydrogen storage material testing facility. He is a member of the American Chemical Society, Materials Research Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and is on the editorial board of Heliyon, the Elsevier open access mega journal.

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2012 list of outstanding and exceptional reviewers for the AIP journal Review of Scientific Instruments

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